1.2.2 OcaGrouper

Class Hirarchy:

OcaRootOcaAgentOcaGrouper

class OcaGrouper : OcaAgent

Concept ** ** A grouper is an object responsible for aggregating property values. An actuator grouper allows control of many actuator objects from a single input value; a sensor grouper allows observing many sensor objects via a single output value. Actuator groupers are described below; sensor groupers are TBD. In a working media system, many actuator objects (we will call them citizens ) will be members of multiple groups. For example, in a multiway stereo sound reinforcement system, the left woofer power amplifier might be controlled by a master gain group, a left-side gain group, and a woofer gain group. To manage the interactions of these multiple memberships, we need a single entity that manages all three of these groups, anticipating the interactions and taking appropriate action. An actuator grouper is such an entity. The grouper:

  • Registers all the groups and all the citizens.

  • Remembers which citizens belong to which groups.

  • Computes new property values when group settings change.

  • Manages overrange and underrange conditions proactively, so that

citizens are never asked to assume out of range values. For any given grouper instance, all of its citizens will all be of the same class. Applications may have a number of grouper instances, one for each citizen class – an OcaGain grouper, an OcaFrequency grouper, etc. For controlling each group, the grouper creates a proxy object of the same class as its citizens, so that the same controller logic can be used for either a group or an individual worker. It may be helpful to visualize a grouper as a matrix whose rows are groups, columns are citizens, and each cell contains information relating to the membership of the citizen in the group. This information is called the citizen’s enrollment in the group. Mechanism Each Grouper is an instance of this class ( OcaGrouper ). A group is a collection of citizens. A citizen that belongs to a group is called a member of that group. There is a many-to-many relationship between groups and citizens – any citizen can be a member of any number of groups. The purpose of the Grouper is to contain the set of groups and the set of citizens, to remember which citizens belong to which groups, and to compute new aggregate values when settings or readings change. The Grouper itself does not provide direct access to parameter data values. That access is provided by group proxies or by peer to peer mastering – see below. It is useful to think of a Grouper as a matrix in which groups are rows and citizens are columns. A cell of the matrix is nonempty whenever its column (=citizen) belongs to its row (=group). Such a cell is called an enrollment. Classes of Grouped Objects Group members can be actuator or sensor objects. A group whose members are actuators is called an actuator group . A group whose members are sensors is called a sensor group . All the citizens of a given Grouper must be of the same worker class (sounds communistic, doesn’t it :) called the citizen class . Typically an application will have multiple Groupers, each one supporting a different citizen class. Adding Groups New groups can be added to the Grouper at any time, using OcaGrouper’s AddGroup method. Group Proxies; Peer to Peer Mastering Depending on the setting of its mode property, a grouper may be in master-slave mode or peer to peer mode. _In master-slave mode_ , each time a caller adds a group to a Grouper instance, the Grouper instance creates an object known as a group proxy. Thus, there is one group proxy instance per group.The class of the group proxy is the same as the Grouper’s citizen class. For example, for a group of OcaGain actuators, the group proxy is an OcaGain object. The purpose of the group proxy is to allow controllers to access the group’s setpoint (for actuator groups) or reading (for sensor groups) in the same way as they would access individual workers of the citizen class. _In peer-to-peer mode_ , no group proxy is created. Instead, the group setpoint is changed whenever any member’s setpoint is changed. In effect, all the group’s members behave as though they were group proxies. Adding Citizens New citizens may be added to a Grouper instance at any time, using OcaGrouper’s AddCitizen method. Newly-added citizens are by default not members of any group. Citizens may be enrolled in groups at any time using OcaGrouper’s SetEnrollment method. Deleting The Grouper allows deletion of groups and citizens at any time, although excessive deletion may lead to sparse memory use, depending on Grouper implementation. Setpoints, Readings, and Aggregation Setpoints and Rules Each group has a setpoint (for actuator groups) or reading (for sensor groups) whose value is related to its members’ setpoints or readings by the combination of two rules:

  • The group’s saturation rules , which control handling of

overrange conditions; and

  • Each member’s aggregation rules , which determine the algorithms

by which aggregate values are computed. ** ** Scope of the OcaGrouper Class Many aspects of groupers will vary from product to product. OcaGrouper is an abstract class that defines common concepts and terms for groupers, a canonical control interface, and most aspects of membership management . However it but stops short of specifying actual semantics. Implementations will need to define (at least):

  • Saturation rules

  • Aggregation rules

  • Error-handling mechanisms (e.g. what happens when a grouper loses

its connection to a citizen, and what happens when it later re-attaches)

Properties:

OcaClassID ClassID

Number that uniquely identifies the class. Note that this differs from the object number, which identifies the instantiated object. This property is an override of the OcaRoot property.

This property has id 3.1.

OcaClassVersionNumber ClassVersion

Identifies the interface version of the class. Any change to the class definition leads to a higher class version. This property is an override of the OcaRoot property.

This property has id 3.2.

OcaBoolean ActuatorOrSensor

True if Grouper is actuator grouper, false if sensor grouper.

This property has id 3.1.

OcaList<OcaGrouperGroup> Groups

List of groups in the grouper. Groups are added to and deleted from a grouper by the AdGroup and DeleteGroup methods of OcaGrouper.

This property has id 3.2.

OcaList<OcaGrouperCitizen> Citizens

List of citizens defined for this grouper.

This property has id 3.3.

OcaList<OcaGrouperEnrollment> Enrollments

List of grouper’s enrollments, i.e. which citizen(s) belong to which group(s).

This property has id 3.4.

OcaGrouperMode Mode

Switch that determines whether grouper is in master-slave mode or peer-to-peer mode.

This property has id 3.5.

Properties inherited from OcaAgent:

Properties inherited from OcaRoot:

Methods:

OcaStatus AddGroup(OcaString Name, OcaUint16 &Index, OcaONo &ProxyONo)

Adds a group to the grouper and returns its object number. (The group’s network address will be the same as the grouper’s). The return value indicates whether the group was successfully added.

This method has id 3.1.

Parameters
  • OcaString Name – Input parameter.

  • OcaUint16 Index – Output parameter.

  • OcaONo ProxyONo – Output parameter.

OcaStatus DeleteGroup(OcaUint16 Index)

Deletes a group from the grouper. The return value indicates whether the group was successfully deleted. Note: index values of deleted groups are not reused during the lifetime of the grouper instance.

This method has id 3.2.

Parameters

OcaUint16 Index – Input parameter.

OcaStatus GetGroupCount(OcaUint16 &Count)

Gets the count of groups owned by this grouper. The return value indicates whether the count was successfully retrieved.

This method has id 3.3.

Parameters

OcaUint16 Count – Output parameter.

OcaStatus GetGroupList(OcaList<OcaGrouperGroup> &GroupList)

Gets the list of groups owned by this grouper. The return value indicates whether the list was successfully retrieved.

This method has id 3.4.

Parameters

OcaList<OcaGrouperGroup> GroupList – Output parameter.

OcaStatus AddCitizen(OcaGrouperCitizen Citizen, OcaUint16 &CitizenIndex)

Adds a target to the group. The return value indicates whether the target was successfully added. This method does not enroll the new target in any of the grouper’s groups – it merely makes the target available for enrollment. Group membership is controlled by the SetEnrollment method, q.v.

This method has id 3.5.

Parameters
  • OcaGrouperCitizen Citizen – Input parameter.

  • OcaUint16 CitizenIndex – Output parameter.

OcaStatus DeleteCitizen(OcaUint16 Index)

Delete a citizen from the grouper (and therefore from all of its groups). The return value indicates whether the citizen was successfully deleted. Note: index values of deleted citizens are not reused during the lifetime of the grouper instance.

This method has id 3.6.

Parameters

OcaUint16 Index – Input parameter.

OcaStatus GetCitizenCount(OcaUint16 &Count)

Gets the count of citizens registered in this grouper. The return value indicates whether the count was successfully retrieved.

This method has id 3.7.

Parameters

OcaUint16 Count – Output parameter.

OcaStatus GetCitizenList(OcaList<OcaGrouperCitizen> &List)

Gets the list of citizens registered in this grouper. The return value indicates whether the list was successfully retrieved.

This method has id 3.8.

Parameters

OcaList<OcaGrouperCitizen> List – Output parameter.

OcaStatus GetEnrollment(OcaGrouperEnrollment Enrollment, OcaBoolean &IsMember)

Gets membership status for given target in given group. The return value indicates whether the status was successfully retrieved.

This method has id 3.9.

Parameters
  • OcaGrouperEnrollment Enrollment – Input parameter.

  • OcaBoolean IsMember – Output parameter.

OcaStatus SetEnrollment(OcaGrouperEnrollment Enrollment, OcaBoolean IsMember)

Sets membership status for given target in given group. The return value indicates whether the status was successfully set.

This method has id 3.10.

Parameters
  • OcaGrouperEnrollment Enrollment – Input parameter.

  • OcaBoolean IsMember – Input parameter.

OcaStatus GetGroupMemberList(OcaUint16 Index, OcaList<OcaGrouperCitizen> &Members)

Gets the list of members of the given group. The return value indicates whether the list was successfully retrieved.

This method has id 3.11.

Parameters
  • OcaUint16 Index – Input parameter.

  • OcaList<OcaGrouperCitizen> Members – Output parameter.

OcaStatus GetActuatorOrSensor(OcaBoolean &ActuatorOrSensor)

Gets the value of the ActuatorOrSensor property. The return value indicates whether the value was successfully retrieved.

This method has id 3.12.

Parameters

OcaBoolean ActuatorOrSensor – Output parameter.

OcaStatus SetActuatorOrSensor(OcaBoolean ActuatorOrSensor)

Sets the value of the ActuatorOrSensor property. The return value indicates whether the value was successfully set.

This method has id 3.13.

Parameters

OcaBoolean ActuatorOrSensor – Input parameter.

OcaStatus GetMode(OcaGrouperMode &Mode)

Gets the value of the Mode property. The return value indicates whether the value was successfully retrieved.

This method has id 3.14.

Parameters

OcaGrouperMode Mode – Output parameter.

OcaStatus SetMode(OcaGrouperMode Mode)

Sets the value of the Mode property. The return value indicates whether the value was successfully set.

This method has id 3.15.

Parameters

OcaGrouperMode Mode – Input parameter.

Methods inherited from OcaAgent:

Methods inherited from OcaRoot:

Events:

void StatusChange(OcaGrouperStatusChangeEventData eventData)

Event that is emitted whenever key aspects of a group’s status change. Status events include:

  • Citizen joins grouper

  • Citizen leaves grouper

  • Citizen fails to execute grouper value change request

  • Connection to online citizen is lost

  • Connection to offline citizen is reestablished

  • Citizen enrolls in group

  • Citizen de-enrolls from group